A retroviral mutagenesis screen reveals strong cooperation between Bc111a overexpression and loss of the Nf1 tumor suppressor gene

Bin Yin, Ruud Delwel, Peter J. Valk, Margaret R. Wallace, Mignon L. Loh, Kevin M. Shannon, David A. Largaespada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

NF1 inactivation occurs in specific human cancers, including juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, an aggressive myeloproliferative disorder of childhood. However, evidence suggests that Nf1 loss alone does not cause leukemia.We therefore hypothesized that inactivation of the Nf1 tumor suppressor gene requires cooperating mutations to cause acute leukemia. To search for candidate genes that cooperate with Nf1 deficiency in leukemogenesis, we performed a forward genetic screen using retroviral insertion mutagenesis in Nf1 mutant mice. We identified 43 common proviral insertion sites that contain candidate genes involved in leukemogenesis. One of these genes, Bc111a, confers a growth advantage in cultured Nf1 mutant hematopoietic cells and causes early onset of leukemia of either myeloid or lymphoid lineage in mice when expressed in Nf1-deficient bone marrow. Bc111a-expressing cells display compromised p21Cip1 induction, suggesting that Bc111a's oncogenic effects are mediated, in part, through suppression of p21 Cip1. Importantly, Bc111a is expressed in human chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia samples. A subset of AML patients, who had poor outcomes, of 16 clusters, displayed high levels of BCL11A in leukemic cells. These findings suggest that deregulated Bc111a cooperates with Nf1 in leukemogenesis, and a therapeutic strategy targeting the BCL11A pathway may prove beneficial in the treatment of leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1085
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume113
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2009

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