A Retrospective Analysis of a Cross-Year Peer Tutoring Program for Oral Health Students

Sara N. Johnson, Keith A Mays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Health professions education is extremely challenging for students, requiring high performance in fast-paced learning environments. In addition, the challenge of instructing students at many performance levels and the lack of teaching assistants can create a knowledge gap between educators and students. Using cross-year peer tutors is one potential method to close this gap and improve student performance. The aims of this study were to retrospectively evaluate the impact of a cross-year peer tutoring program on successful course completion of oral health students and to assess student and tutor perceptions of the experience. First- and second-year dental and dental therapy students were assigned to cross-year tutors as a result of progression committee recommendations and self-identification. Potential tutors were vetted by the course directors. The collected data included number of courses in which students were assigned a tutor, the type of course (lecture vs. lab), and students' success in the courses. These data were collected for a four-year period (2013-14 to 2016-17), and student and tutor perceptions were assessed in one year. The results showed that 94% of the students who received tutoring passed their courses. Students who had been tutored had a significantly lower failure rate than those who were not tutored (20% vs. 80%, respectively). These results suggest that the cross-year peer tutoring program was useful in closing the learning gap between instructors' expert level and novice learners. Participating students and tutors also perceived the program as a positive and beneficial experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of dental education
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Students
tutor
health
student
course of lectures
Learning
Dental Students
performance
Health Occupations
knowledge gap
Health Education
assistant
Tooth
Teaching
director
instructor
experience
learning environment
profession

Keywords

  • academic performance
  • dental education
  • dental students
  • educational methodology
  • peer tutoring
  • tutoring

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

A Retrospective Analysis of a Cross-Year Peer Tutoring Program for Oral Health Students. / Johnson, Sara N.; Mays, Keith A.

In: Journal of dental education, Vol. 83, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 137-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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