Ormosia timboënsis is described and illustrated as a new species based on fruit and leaf material collected in a fragment of Atlantic Rain Forest in central Bahia State, Brazil. This new species can be recognized by possessing the largest seed and hilum of those that have been reported in Ormosia. In addition, O. timboënsis has leaves that in combination with the fruit characters do not match any species currently described in the genus.
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Thanks are due to Dr. Luciano Paganucci de Queiroz for writing the Latin diagnosis and numerous suggestions that greatly improved the manuscript; Carla de Lima for the beautiful drawing; Márcia Neves, José Lima, Josival Souza, and Sr. Manoel for the assistance in the field work; and Centro Sapucaia and Projeto Timbó MMA/PDA for providing financial support during field work. The critical comments by Dr. Ana Maria Goulart de Azevedo Tozzi and an anonymous referee are gratefully acknowledged. This paper is part of the MSc. thesis of DBOSC prepared in the Programa de Pós-graduação em Botânica (PPGBot-UEFS) and supported by a grant from CNPq (Process 131147/2007-2).
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- Atlantic rain forest