A rare case of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome in small cell carcinoma of the vagina: A case report

Johanne Weberpals, Bojana Djordjevic, Mahmoud Khalifa, Amit Oza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. To describe ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome (EAS) to increase awareness of this condition when treating patients with gynecological small cell carcinoma (SmCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS. This is a review of a 61-year-old woman with primary vaginal SmCC and an atypical presentation of Cushing syndrome. This case describes the molecular rationale, caveats in clinical presentation, pathological diagnosis, and management options for patients with this rare syndrome. RESULTS. After treatment with primary chemotherapy, the patient presented acutely with delirium and metabolic disturbances. This was associated with elevated ACTH and gastrin levels without any tumor staining for ACTH. The patient was initially managed with ketoconazole to control the EAS. Complications developed related to her Cushing syndrome, and she succumbed to complications of her disease. CONCLUSIONS. Vaginal SmCC complicated by EAS is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, and this case history outlines the management options for patients with this condition and reviews the pertinent literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Keywords

  • ACTH
  • Paraneoplastic
  • Small cell
  • Vaginal carcinoma

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