A q-enumeration of lozenge tilings of a hexagon with three dents

Tri Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


MacMahon's classical theorem on boxed plane partitions states that the generating function of the plane partitions fitting in an a×b×c box is equal toi=1n(1+q+q2+…+qi−1). By viewing a boxed plane partition as a lozenge tiling of a semi-regular hexagon, MacMahon's theorem yields a natural q-enumeration of lozenge tilings of the hexagon. However, such q-enumerations do not appear often in the domain of enumeration of lozenge tilings. In this paper, we consider a new q-enumeration of lozenge tilings of a hexagon with three bowtie-shaped regions removed from three non-consecutive sides. The unweighted version of the result generalizes a problem posed by James Propp on enumeration of lozenge tilings of a hexagon of side-lengths 2n, 2n+3, 2n, 2n+3, 2n, 2n+3 (in cyclic order) with the central unit triangles on the (2n+3)-sides removed. Moreover, our result also implies a q-enumeration of boxed plane partitions with certain constraints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-57
Number of pages35
JournalAdvances in Applied Mathematics
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported in part by the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications with funds provided by the National Science Foundation (grant no. DMS-0931945 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.


  • Graphical condensation
  • Lozenge tilings
  • Perfect matchings
  • Plane partitions


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