Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) based on the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) contrast has gained a prominent position in neuroscience for imaging neuronal activity and studying effective brain connectivity under working state and functional connectivity at resting state. However, the fundamental questions in regards to fMRI technology: how the BOLD signal inferences the underlying microscopic neuronal activity and physiological changes and what is the ultimate specificity of fMRI for functional mapping of microcircuits, remain unanswered. The capability of simultaneous fMRI measurement and functional microscopic imaging in a live brain thus holds the key to link the microscopic and mesoscopic neural dynamics to the macroscopic brain activity at the central nervous system level. Here we report the first demonstration to integrate high-resolution two-photon fluorescence microscopy (TPM) with a 16.4 tesla MRI system, which proves the concept and feasibility for performing simultaneous high-resolution fMRI and TPM imaging at ultrahigh magnetic field.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by NIH grants: U01 NS094341, R01 MH111413, MH111447 and NS070839, R24 MH106049 and R24 MH106049 S1, P41 EB015894, P30 NS5076408; and the W.M. Keck Foundation. The authors thank the generous rental of the laser machine from Spectrum-Physics.
© 2017 The Author(s).
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