A program to increase breast and cervical cancer screening for Cambodian women in a midwestern community

Ann Wilde Kelly, Maria Del Mar Fores Chacori, Peter C. Wollan, Mary Alice Trapp, Amy L. Weaver, Patricia A. Barrier, Walter B. Franz, Thomas E Kottke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine local screening rates for breast and cervical cancer screening among Cambodian women older than 50 years of age who had used the health-care system, to compare these rates with those for non- Cambodian women, to identify barriers to screening among Cambodians, and to implement community screening. Material and Methods: From review of medical records, cancer screening rates for 1 year among Cambodians (N = 57) were compared with rates for a matched non-Cambodian sample (N = 57). Southeast Asian focus groups identified barriers to screening as a basis for intervention. The intervention included community informational programs in the Cambodian language, group screening appointments, provision of transportation, use of female physicians and interpreters, and an informal clinic setting. Cancer screening rates were compared before and after the intervention. Results: Initial screening rates for Cambodians were significantly lower than for the non-Cambodians. Expressed barriers included lack of knowledge about cancer, shyness at physical examination, lack of transportation, fear of a large, technical medical center, and individual appointments. After the intervention, community screening rates were almost 5 times higher than at baseline. Conclusion: The intervention was successful in overcoming organizational, economic, and cultural barriers to cancer screening among older Cambodian women in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-444
Number of pages8
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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