Although many children adopted internationally show remarkable recovery once placed in families, as a group they continue to exhibit persisting developmental deficits and delays in self-regulation. The current study uses a stratified, randomized, controlled trial to evaluate the effects of mindfulness-based and executive function trainings (EFTs) on internationally adopted (IA) children's self-regulation, including effortful/inhibitory control, attention, delay of gratification, and emotion-regulation. IA children ages 6-10 years were randomized into mindfulness training (MT), EFT, or no intervention (NI) groups. The MT and EFT groups attended 12 one-hour group sessions. Ninety-six children (MT, n = 33; EFT, n = 32; NI, n = 31) completed the study and were tested on computerized and non-computerized measures of self-regulation. Compared with the NI group, the MT group improved delay of gratification, and the EFT group improved inhibitory control and selective attention. There was no effect of either intervention on emotion regulation. MTs and EFTs show promise for improving self-regulation in IA children.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Development and psychopathology|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the children and families who participated, Bonny Donzella, Kristin Frenn, Shanna Mliner, Bao Moua, Maria Kroupina, the International Adoption Project, and the Center for Neurobehavioral Development. This work was supported by the Eva O. Miller Fellowship to Jamie M. Lawler and seed grants by the Center for Neurobehavioral Development and the Institute of Child Development at the University of Minnesota.
Copyright © 2019 Cambridge University Press.
- executive function