A point process model for generating biofilms with realistic microstructure and rheology

Jay Alexander Stotsky, Vanja Dukic, David M. Bortz

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3 Scopus citations


Biofilms are communities of bacteria that exhibit a multitude of multiscale biomechanical behaviours. Recent experimental advances have led to characterisations of these behaviours in terms of measurements of the viscoelastic moduli of biofilms grown in bioreactors and the fracture and fragmentation properties of biofilms. These properties are macroscale features of biofilms; however, a previous work by our group has shown that heterogeneous microscale features are critical in predicting biofilm rheology. In this paper, we use tools from statistical physics to develop a generative statistical model of the positions of bacteria in biofilms. Specifically, the model is a type of pairwise interaction model (PIM). We show through simulation that the macroscopic mechanical properties of biofilms depend on the choice of microscale spatial model. A key finding is that uniform and non-uniform sets of points lead to differing mechanical properties. This distinction appears not to have been previously considered in mathematical biofilm literature. We also found that realisations of a biologically informed PIM have realistic in silico mechanical properties, and have statistical properties that closely match experimental data. We also note that a Poisson spatial point process of suitable number density also yields realistic mechanical properties, but that the spatial distribution of points does not reflect those occurring in our experimentally observed biofilm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1141-1177
Number of pages37
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Mathematics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
et al . STOTSKY JAY ALEXANDER DUKIC VANJA BORTZ DAVID M. Department of Applied Mathematics , University of Colorado , Boulder , CO 80309-0526 , USA emails: Jay.Stotsky@colorado.edu , Vanja.Dukic@colorado.edu , dmbortz@colorado.edu †This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation grants PHY-0940991 and DMS-1225878 to DMB, and by the Department of Energy through the Computational Science Graduate Fellowship program, DE-FG02-97ER25308, to JAS. 12 2018 16 05 2018 29 6

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2018Â.


  • Biofilms
  • Biomechanics
  • Nonparametric Density Estimation
  • Spatial Stochastic Processes


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