A pilot randomized controlled trial of an online intervention for Hodgkin lymphoma survivors to increase knowledge about late effects and recommended screening

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors who received chest radiotherapy are at risk for breast cancer and cardiovascular disease, but screening adherence is low. We assessed the acceptability/feasibility of a web-based educational intervention and its impact on knowledge of health risks and screening. Methods: HL survivors were randomized to either an interactive online educational intervention or handouts only. Surveys were completed at baseline and 3 months post-intervention. We described the acceptability/feasibility of the intervention and compared knowledge between groups. Results: Fifty-two HL survivors participated; 27 in the intervention group and 25 in the control group. Eighteen (66%) intervention participants completed the intervention and reported high acceptability (89–100%). At baseline, adherence to breast cancer screening was low across all participants. Post-intervention, those in the intervention group more often than controls correctly identified breast cancer and echocardiogram screening guidelines (35% vs. 28%, P = 0.02 and 82% vs. 52%, P = 0.04) and reported knowing how to address potential complications from cancer treatments (87% vs. 64%, P = 0.03). We detected no increase in screening behavior post-intervention. Conclusion: Online education modules for high-risk HL survivors are an acceptable method to improve knowledge of health risks and screening guidelines. Future interventions should focus on improving screening uptake in this population. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Web-based learning can be useful in increasing cancer survivor knowledge of their unique risks and screening recommendations but does not necessarily change patient behavior. Involvement in a cancer survivorship program can help assess individual barriers and monitor uptake of screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer screening
  • Chest radiation
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Online intervention
  • Secondary cancer
  • Survivor

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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