A physics-constrained data-driven approach based on locally convex reconstruction for noisy database

Qizhi He, Jiun Shyan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Physics-constrained data-driven computing is an emerging hybrid approach that integrates universal physical laws with data-driven models of experimental data for scientific computing. A new data-driven simulation approach coupled with a locally convex reconstruction, termed the local convexity data-driven (LCDD) computing, is proposed to enhance accuracy and robustness against noise and outliers in data sets in the data-driven computing. In this approach, for a given state obtained by the physical simulation, the corresponding optimum experimental solution is sought by projecting the state onto the associated local convex manifold reconstructed based on the nearest experimental data. This learning process of local data structure is less sensitive to noisy data and consequently yields better accuracy. A penalty relaxation is also introduced to recast the local learning solver in the context of non-negative least squares that can be solved effectively. The reproducing kernel approximation with stabilized nodal integration is employed for the solution of the physical manifold to allow reduced stress–strain data at the discrete points for enhanced effectiveness in the LCDD learning solver. Due to the inherent manifold learning properties, LCDD performs well for high-dimensional data sets that are relatively sparse in real-world engineering applications. Numerical tests demonstrated that LCDD enhances nearly one order of accuracy compared to the standard distance-minimization data-driven scheme when dealing with noisy database, and a linear exactness is achieved when local stress–strain relation is linear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112791
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Data-driven computing
  • Local convexity data-driven (LCDD)
  • Locally convex reconstruction
  • Manifold learning
  • Noisy data
  • Reproducing kernel (RK) approximation


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