A Phase II dose-escalation study of allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells in patients with ischemic or nonischemic heart failure

Emerson C. Perin, Kenneth M. Borow, Guilherme V. Silva, Anthony N. DeMaria, Oscar C. Marroquin, Paul P. Huang, Jay H. Traverse, Henry Krum, Donna Skerrett, Yi Zheng, James T. Willerson, Silviu Itescu, Timothy D. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) have been effective in large animal models of ischemic and nonischemic heart failure (HF). Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of 3 doses (25, 75, or 150 million cells) of immunoselected allogeneic MPCs in chronic HF patients in a phase 2 trial. Methods and Results: We sequentially allocated 60 patients to a dosing cohort (20 per dose group) and randomized them to transendocardial MPC injections (n=15) or mock procedures (n=5). The primary objective was safety, including antibody testing. Secondary efficacy end points included major adverse cardiac events (MACE; cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or revascularization), left ventricular imaging, and other clinical-event surrogates. Safety and MACE were evaluated for up to 3 years. MPC injections were feasible and safe. Adverse events were similar across groups. No clinically symptomatic immune responses were noted. MACE was seen in 15 patients: 10 of 45 (22%) MPC-treated and 5 of 15 (33%) control patients. We found no differences between MPC-treated and control patients in survival probability, MACE-free probability, and all-cause mortality. We conducted a post hoc analysis of HF-related MACE (HF hospitalization, successfully resuscitated cardiac death, or cardiac death) and events were significantly reduced in the 150 million MPC group (0/15) versus control (5/15; 33%), 25 million MPC group (3/15; 20%), and 75 million MPC group (6/15; 40%); the 150 million MPC group differed significantly from all groups according to Kaplan-Meier statistics >3 years (P=0.025 for 150 million MPC group versus control). Conclusions: Transendocardial injections of allogeneic MPCs were feasible and safe in chronic HF patients. High-dose allogeneic MPCs may provide benefits in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation research
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2015

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • humans
  • myocardial infarction
  • stem cells

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