A phase I trial defining the maximum tolerated systemic exposure of topotecan in combination with carboplatin and etoposide in extensive stage small cell lung cancer

Heidi H. Gillenwater, Jeannine S. McCune, Celeste Lindley, Stephanie Faucette, Stacy Shord, Angela Donahue, Mark A. Socinski, Clinton F. Stewart, William C. Zamboni, Mark N. Kirstein, Dominic Moore

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. Topotecan is active in relapsed small cell lung cancer; thus, its addition to the standard carboplatin-etoposide regimen may improve outcomes in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) patients. Significant interpatient variability in the topotecan systemic exposure results when it is dosed based on body surface area (mg/m2). The purpose of this Phase I trial was to determine the maximally tolerated systemic exposure (MTSE) of topotecan in combination with carboplatin and etoposide. Methods. Thirty-four chemotherapy-naïve ES-SCLC patients received topotecan in combination with carboplatin AUC 5 mg/ mL*min and oral etoposide 100 mg/m2/day. Topotecan was administered as a 30-minute infusion either on Days 1-5 or Days 1-3 and the dosage was individualized to attain a topotecan lactone AUC range (ng/mL*hr) in successive patient cohorts from 7 to 23; 24 to 36; 37 to 53; 54 to 66. Results. The majority (67 percent) of the measured topotecan AUCs were within target range. Overall, 8 of 34 patients experienced Cycle 1 dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), either neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. Carboplatin administration prior to topotecan resulted in 2 of 6 patients having Cycle 1 DLT. When the administration sequence was changed (topotecan, carboplatin, etoposide), Cycle 1 hematologic toxicity decreased; however, the maximum topotecan lactone AUC of 24-36 ng/mL*hr (median dose 0.82 mg/m2) had significant cumulative hematologic toxicity. The number of topotecan doses were reduced from 5 to 3, which resulted in a maximum topotecan lactone AUC of 37 to 53 ng/mL*hr with only 1 of 6 patients having Cycle 1 DLT. Overall response rate was 71 percent with median survival of 10.8 months. Conclusion. It is feasible to target topotecan lactone AUC in adult ES-SCLC patients. However, this triplet regimen resulted in considerable hematologic toxicity and has a median survival comparable to carboplatin-etoposide. Alternative, less toxic regimens should be investigated for improving survival in ES-SCLC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-519
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Investigation
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2005

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Etoposide
  • Extensive stage
  • MTSE
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Topotecan

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