A Particular Difference: European Identity and Civilian Targeting

Tanisha M. Fazal, Brooke C. Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Recent scholarship has found identity variables to be insignificant predictors of civilian targeting in war. Drawing on the European origins of the law of war, this article argues that previous scholarship has neglected the one specification of 'identity' that is most theoretically justified for understanding civilian targeting: whether a European state is fighting a non-European state. This article replicates and extends three recent statistical analyses - Downes; Valentino, Huth and Croco; and Morrow - of civilian targeting by including a variable capturing whether a European state fought a non-European state. The study finds that civilian targeting, and non compliance with the law of war more generally, is significantly more likely in European v. non-European dyads than in other types of dyads.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-851
Number of pages23
JournalBritish Journal of Political Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 13 2014


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