A partial deletion within foot-and-mouth disease virus non-structural protein 3A causes clinical attenuation in cattle but does not prevent subclinical infection

Carolina Stenfeldt, Jonathan Arzt, Juan M. Pacheco, Douglas P. Gladue, George R. Smoliga, Ediane B. Silva, Luis L. Rodriguez, Manuel V. Borca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deletions within the 3A coding region of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) are associated with decreased virulence in cattle; however, the mechanisms are unknown. We compared experimental infection of cattle with virulent FMDV O1Campos (O1Ca) and a mutant derivative (O1Ca∆3A) lacking residues 87–106 of 3A. Unexpectedly, primary infection of the nasopharyngeal mucosa was similar for both viruses. However, while O1Ca caused viremia and fulminant clinical disease, O1Ca∆3A infection was subclinical and aviremic. There were no differences in expression of anti-viral cytokines in nasopharyngeal tissues between the groups, suggesting attenuation by O1Ca∆3A was a consequence of reduced replication efficiency in bovine cells, rather than a difference in the host response. These results demonstrated that although deletion in 3A of FMDV confers a clinically attenuated phenotype in cattle, the deletion does not prevent subclinical infection. These findings have implications for field scenarios involving outbreaks with apparently host-limited strains of FMDV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalVirology
Volume516
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Cow
  • FMD
  • FMDV
  • Foot-and-mouth disease
  • Foot-and-mouth disease virus
  • Gene expression
  • Host response
  • Pathogenesis
  • Reverse genetics
  • Virus

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