A Parallel Non-Dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Method for fluid flow and heat transfer with solid–liquid phase change

Yan Su, Tiniao Ng, Jane H. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


A new mesoscopic scale Parallel Non-Dimensional Lattice Boltzmann Method (P-NDLBM) is developed to dramatically speed up the computation of transient fluid flow and heat transfer problems. The P-NDLBM code using message passing interface (MPI) was compiled in Fortran. The model is presented in dimensionless form to simplify application to a broad range of problems. The effective domain decomposition, data transfer between CPUs, and various boundary conditions based on the P-NDLBM are presented. The code is validated by comparison to prior experimental and single CPU computational studies of cavity flow and the Rayleigh–Bénard problem. The time costs of simulations with equal mesh size are compared for CPU numbers from 1 to 64 to show the effectiveness of the approach. To illustrate the utility of the code, simulations of the transient temperature and fluid velocity during charging and discharging of an integral collector storage solar system are presented. The modeled system has encapsulated phase change embedded in the water-filled enclosure. The results illustrate the capability of the code to capture the phase transition within the encapsulated phase change material as well as the details of the overall flow structure and temperature field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-517
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Yan Su’s study was supported by Solar Energy Laboratory of University of Macau with projects from the Macao Science and Technology Development Fund No. FDCT/060/2014/A2 and the Research Committee of the University of Macau No. MYRG2014-00014-FST. Also thanks the servers of High Performance Computing Cluster of Information and Communication Technology Office of the University of Macau.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Heat transfer
  • Lattice Boltzmann
  • Phase change
  • Solar collector
  • Thermal storage


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