We develop a unified adaptive level set (LS) framework using the multi-level collocated grid for incompressible two-phase flows. This framework allows us to advance all variables level by level using either the subcycling or the non-subcycling method such that the data advancement on each level is fully decoupled. A series of synchronization operations are designed to keep the momentum and mass conserved across all levels. A multi-level re-initialization method for the LS function is also proposed, which greatly improves the mass conservation of the two-phase flows. The collocated grid allows the use of a single set of differential schemes and interpolation operations for all variables, which greatly simplifies the numerical implementation. The capability and robustness of the computational framework are validated by a variety of canonical problems, including the inviscid shear layer, gravity wave, rising bubble, and Rayleigh-Taylor instability. It is shown that the present multi-level scheme can accurately resolve the interfaces of the two-phase flows with gravitational and surface tension effects while having good momentum and energy conservation. At last, a three-dimensional dam breaking problem is simulated to show the efficiency and significant speedup of the proposed framework.
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- Adaptive mesh refinement (AMR)
- Level set
- Two-phase flow