A novel use of anaerobically digested liquid swine manure to potentially control soybean cyst nematode

Jianli Xiao, Jun Zhu, Senyu Chen, Weibin Ruan, Curtis Miller

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19 Scopus citations


Experiments were carried out in two steps to determine the effect of anaerobically digested swine manure on soybean cyst nematode (SCN) egg control. In the first step, liquid swine manure underwent anaerobic digestion to search for the best digestion time for both volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammonium nitrogen (NH4+) enrichment. The results showed that about 17 and 28 days of incubation were needed, respectively, to reach the maximal levels of VFA and NH4+ in the manure. In the second step, raw, VFA-enriched, and NH4+-enriched manure were applied separately, at four different rates (25, 50, 100, and 200 mL/pot), to soil pots inoculated with nematode eggs in a greenhouse environment. Soil samples were collected 35 and 61 days after inoculation to determine the effect of such treated manure on SCN egg productivity. The data indicated that the SCN egg counts were inversely related to the manure application rates in a linear manner with correlation coefficients of 0.998, 0.967, and 0.900 for raw, NH4+-enriched, and VFA-enriched manure for the 35-day samples. While no such relationships were found for the 61-day samples, implying that none of the treatments were still effective 61 days after application. At the four application rates, the VFA-enriched manure performed best in reducing SCN egg counts (by 18.1, 19.5, 34.3, and 18.6%) as compared to the raw manure treatment. In contrast, the NH4+-enriched manure achieved mostly negative reductions. To achieve the best control of SCN egg growth, the VFA-enriched manure should be used and applied to soybean fields every 35 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-757
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to thank the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council and the Minnesota Legislature Rapid Response fund for funding this project.


  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Soybean cyst nematode egg control
  • Swine manure


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