A novel pressure control mechanism for common rail fuel injection systems

Vivek Kumar Gupta, Zhen Zhang, Zongxuan Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents the modeling of a novel pressure control mechanism for a common rail (CR) fuel injection system of internal combustion engines (ICE). The pressure fluctuations in the common rail caused by multiple injections negatively affect the accuracy of both injected fuel quantities and flow rates. The objective of this work is to design a new control mechanism to suppress the pressure pulsation in the rail. First we develop a one-dimensional distributed model for the common rail by using basic fluid flow equations, which can capture the distributed dynamics of the pressure disturbances in the rail and this result is validated with a physics based simulation model in AMESIM®. The periodic nature of injection event due to stroke by stroke motion of the ICE generates disturbance in the rail which in the rotational angle domain presents a primarily periodic signal. However, the period changes in the time domain due to the variation in engine speed. We then propose the concept of an active fluid storage device like a piezoelectric actuator (PZT) to minimize this pressure fluctuations. The location of the actuator on the common rail has also been evaluated to maximize its effect. Finally a time-varying repetitive controller is designed to compensate for the periodic pressure disturbances in the rotational angle domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference 2009, DSCC2009
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Pages1539-1546
Number of pages8
EditionPART B
ISBN (Print)9780791848920
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Event2009 ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC2009 - Hollywood, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 12 2009Oct 14 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference 2009, DSCC2009
NumberPART B

Other

Other2009 ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC2009
CountryUnited States
CityHollywood, CA
Period10/12/0910/14/09

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