A novel conformal superficial high-dose-rate brachytherapy device for the treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer and keloids

Clara Ferreira, Daniel Johnson, Karl Rasmussen, Clinton Leinweber, Salahuddin Ahmad, Jae Won Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To develop a novel conformal superficial brachytherapy (CSBT) device as a treatment option for the patient-specific radiation therapy of conditions including superficial lesions, postsurgical positive margins, Dupuytren's contractures, keloid scars, and complex anatomic sites (eyelids, nose, ears, etc.). Methods and Materials A preliminary CSBT device prototype was designed, built, and tested using readily available radioactive seeds. Iodine-125 (125I) seeds were independently guided to the treatment surface to conform to the target. Treatment planning was performed via BrachyVision Planning System (BPS) and dose distributions measured with Gafchromic EBT3 film. Percent depth dose curves and profiles for Praseodymium-142 (142Pr), and Strontium-90/Yttrium-90 (90Sr–90Y) were also investigated as potential sources. Results achieved with 90Sr–90Y and electron external beam radiation therapy were compared and Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended 2.6 simulations of 142Pr seeds were validated. Results BPS was able to predict clinical dose distributions for a multiple seeds matrix. Calculated and measured doses for the 125I seed matrix were 500 cGy and 473.5 cGy at 5 mm depth, and 171.0 cGy and 201.0 cGy at 10 mm depth, respectively. Results of 90Sr–90Y tests demonstrate a more conformal dose than electron EBRT (1.6 mm compared to 4.3 mm penumbra). Measured 142Pr doses were 500 cGy at surface and 17.4 cGy at 5 mm depth. Conclusions The CSBT device provides a highly conformal dose to small surface areas. Commercially available BPS can be used for treatment planning, and Monte Carlo simulation can be used for plans using beta-emitting sources and complex anatomies. Various radionuclides may be used in this device to suit prescription depths and treatment areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalBrachytherapy
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Conformal superficial applicator
  • High-dose-rate brachytherapy
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Skin cancer

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