A novel approach to assess salt stress tolerance in wheat using hyperspectral imaging

Ali Moghimi, Ce Yang, Marisa E. Miller, Shahryar F. Kianian, Peter M. Marchetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Salinity stress has significant adverse effects on crop productivity and yield. The primary goal of this study was to quantitatively rank salt tolerance in wheat using hyperspectral imaging. Four wheat lines were assayed in a hydroponic system with control and salt treatments (0 and 200mM NaCl). Hyperspectral images were captured one day after salt application when there were no visual symptoms. Subsequent to necessary preprocessing tasks, two endmembers, each representing one of the treatment, were identified in each image using successive volume maximization. To simplify image analysis and interpretation, similarity of all pixels to the salt endmember was calculated by a technique proposed in this study, referred to as vector-wise similarity measurement. Using this approach allowed high-dimensional hyperspectral images to be reduced to one-dimensional gray-scale images while retaining all relevant information. Two methods were then utilized to analyze the gray-scale images: minimum difference of pair assignments and Bayesianmethod. The rankings of bothmethods were similar and consistent with the expected ranking obtained by conventional phenotyping experiments and historical evidence of salt tolerance. This research highlights the application of machine learning in hyperspectral image analysis for phenotyping of plants in a quantitative, interpretable, and non-invasive manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1182
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Moghimi, Yang, Miller, Kianian and Marchetto.


  • Bayesian inference
  • Histogram distance
  • Hyperspectral imaging
  • Image processing
  • Machine learning
  • Plant phenotyping
  • Salt stress
  • Wheat


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