A non-invasive assessment of skin carotenoid status through reflection spectroscopy is a feasible, reliable and potentially valid measure of fruit and vegetable consumption in a diverse community sample

Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts, Lisa Jahns, Qiang Wu, Nancy E. Moran, Ronny A. Bell, Kimberly P. Truesdale, Melissa N. Laska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To assess the feasibility, reliability and validity of reflection spectroscopy (RS) to assess skin carotenoids in a racially diverse sample.Design Study 1 was a cross-sectional study of corner store customers (n 479) who completed the National Cancer Institute Fruit and Vegetable Screener as well as RS measures. Feasibility was assessed by examining the time it took to complete three RS measures, reliability was assessed by examining the variation between three RS measures, and validity was examined by correlation with self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption. In Study 2, validity was assessed in a smaller sample (n 30) by examining associations between RS measures and dietary carotenoids, fruits and vegetables as calculated from a validated FFQ and plasma carotenoids.Setting Eastern North Carolina, USA.Results It took on average 94·0 s to complete three RS readings per person. The average variation between three readings for each participant was 6·8 %. In Study 2, in models adjusted for age, race and sex, there were statistically significant associations between RS measures and (i) FFQ-estimated carotenoid intake (P<0·0001); (ii) FFQ-estimated fruit and vegetable consumption (P<0·010); and (iii) plasma carotenoids (P<0·0001).Conclusions RS is a potentially improved method to approximate fruit and vegetable consumption among diverse participants. RS is portable and easy to use in field-based public health nutrition settings. More research is needed to investigate validity and sensitivity in diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1664-1670
Number of pages7
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • Carotenoids
  • Fruit
  • Health promotion
  • Vegetables

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A non-invasive assessment of skin carotenoid status through reflection spectroscopy is a feasible, reliable and potentially valid measure of fruit and vegetable consumption in a diverse community sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this