A New Quadratic Matrix Inequality Approach to Robust Adaptive Beamforming for General-rank Signal Model

Yongwei Huang, Sergiy A. Vorobyov, Zhi Quan Luo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The worst-case robust adaptive beamforming problem for generalrank signal model is considered. This is a nonconvex problem, and an approximate version of it (by introducing a matrix decomposition on the presumed covariance matrix of the desired signal) has been studied in the literature. Herein the original robust adaptive beamforming problem is tackled. Resorting to the strong duality of a linear conic program, the robust beamforming problem is reformulated into a quadratic matrix inequality (QMI) problem. There is no general method for solving a QMI problem in the literature. Here- in, employing a linear matrix inequality (LMI) relaxation technique, the QMI problem is turned into a convex semidefinite programming problem. Due to the fact that there often is a positive gap between the QMI problem and its LMI relaxation, a deterministic approximate algorithm is proposed to solve the robust adaptive beamforming in the QMI form. Last but not the least, a sufficient optimality condition for the existence of an optimal solution for the QMI problem is derived. To validate our theoretical results, simulation examples are presented, which also demonstrate the improved performance of the new robust beamformer in terms of the output signal-to-interference- plus-noise ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4335-4339
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479981311
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Event44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: May 12 2019May 17 2019

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period5/12/195/17/19

Keywords

  • Robust adaptive beamforming
  • deterministic approximate algorithm
  • general-rank signal model
  • linear matrix inequality relaxation
  • quadratic matrix inequality problem

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