A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions

James E. Coverdill, Alfredo M. Carbonell, Jonathan Fryer, George M. Fuhrman, Kristi L. Harold, Jonathan R. Hiatt, Benjamin T. Jarman, Richard A. Moore, Don K. Nakayama, M. Timothy Nelson, Marc Schlatter, Richard A. Sidwell, John L. Tarpley, Paula M. Termuhlen, Christopher Wohltmann, John D. Mellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Some anticipated that the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education duty hours restrictions would foster a team-focused "new professionalism" among residents. This study explores the prevalence and challenges of a new professionalism and whether they vary by program size. METHOD: Questionnaires distributed in 15 general surgery programs produced an 82% response rate (N = 306); 52 semistructured follow-up interviews were completed. Results include means, percentage who "agree or strongly agree," significance tests, and main themes from the interviews. RESULTS: A new professionalism is limited by residents' reluctance to pass work from day to night teams, unclear guidance regarding stay-or-go decisions during shift transitions, little educational emphasis on sign-outs, and the practice of long hours in the name of professionalism. Program size is largely unassociated with these beliefs and behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: A new professionalism represents a stalled revolution among surgical residents. The new professionalism's emphasis on teamwork requires additional attention to staffing and workload management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume85
Issue number10 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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resident
significance test
staffing
teamwork
interview
accreditation
workload
surgery
professionalism
graduate
questionnaire
management
education

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Coverdill, J. E., Carbonell, A. M., Fryer, J., Fuhrman, G. M., Harold, K. L., Hiatt, J. R., ... Mellinger, J. D. (2010). A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions. Academic Medicine, 85(10 SUPPL.). https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ed455b

A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions. / Coverdill, James E.; Carbonell, Alfredo M.; Fryer, Jonathan; Fuhrman, George M.; Harold, Kristi L.; Hiatt, Jonathan R.; Jarman, Benjamin T.; Moore, Richard A.; Nakayama, Don K.; Nelson, M. Timothy; Schlatter, Marc; Sidwell, Richard A.; Tarpley, John L.; Termuhlen, Paula M.; Wohltmann, Christopher; Mellinger, John D.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 85, No. 10 SUPPL., 01.01.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coverdill, JE, Carbonell, AM, Fryer, J, Fuhrman, GM, Harold, KL, Hiatt, JR, Jarman, BT, Moore, RA, Nakayama, DK, Nelson, MT, Schlatter, M, Sidwell, RA, Tarpley, JL, Termuhlen, PM, Wohltmann, C & Mellinger, JD 2010, 'A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions', Academic Medicine, vol. 85, no. 10 SUPPL.. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ed455b
Coverdill JE, Carbonell AM, Fryer J, Fuhrman GM, Harold KL, Hiatt JR et al. A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions. Academic Medicine. 2010 Jan 1;85(10 SUPPL.). https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ed455b
Coverdill, James E. ; Carbonell, Alfredo M. ; Fryer, Jonathan ; Fuhrman, George M. ; Harold, Kristi L. ; Hiatt, Jonathan R. ; Jarman, Benjamin T. ; Moore, Richard A. ; Nakayama, Don K. ; Nelson, M. Timothy ; Schlatter, Marc ; Sidwell, Richard A. ; Tarpley, John L. ; Termuhlen, Paula M. ; Wohltmann, Christopher ; Mellinger, John D. / A new professionalism? Surgical residents, duty hours restrictions, and shift transitions. In: Academic Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 85, No. 10 SUPPL.
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