A New Factor Solution for the Domestic Violence–Related Financial Issues Scale (DV-FI)

Carolyn Copps Hartley, Lynette M. Renner, Caitlin Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Economic abuse is a distinct form of intimate partner violence (IPV); yet, few measures of economic or financial factors exist. Weaver, Sanders, Campbell, and Schnabel’s Domestic Violence–Related Financial Issues Scale (DV-FI) was developed to assess the role of financial-related issues in an individual’s experiences of IPV as well as perceptions of financial self-efficacy and the future role that financial issues will play in one’s sense of financial security. Despite its relevance to research focused on IPV, only portions of the DV-FI have been used in a handful of studies. The original factor analysis of the DV-FI identified five subscales within a shelter-based sample of impoverished, predominantly African American women. The DV-FI demonstrated good psychometric properties at the time of development; yet, to our knowledge, the factor structure of this measure has not been evaluated with another sample. Given the importance of identifying economic abuse and financial self-efficacy among women who experience IPV, it is essential to have a reliable and valid measure of these constructs. In this article, we describe the results of a confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis of the DV-FI using a community sample of 150 predominantly White, low-income women seeking civil legal services. We identified a four-factor solution of the DV-FI. Our findings provide support for the Financial Self-Efficacy subscale as a domain-specific measure of financial self-efficacy among women who experience IPV, but further validation is needed to explain the divergent findings for the remaining factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)NP9959-NP9981
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number17-18
StatePublished - Jul 17 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Shellie Mackel, Dennis Groenenboom, and the AmeriCorps workers at Iowa Legal Aid for their support and contributions to the project. We also thank the research assistants and interviewers who devoted so much time and effort to the project. Finally, we thank the women who participated in the project and shared their experiences. Their strength and courage are truly remarkable and we hope this publication honors their voices. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This project was supported by Award No. 2010-WG-BX-0009, awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of Justice.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • domestic violence
  • economic abuse
  • financial abuse
  • financial self-tefficacy
  • intimate partner violence


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