A new convective parameterization applied to Jupiter: Implications for water abundance near the 24°N region

Ramanakumar Sankar, Csaba Palotai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Jupiter's atmosphere features a variety of clouds that are formed from the interplay of chemistry and atmospheric dynamics, from the deep red color of the Great Red Spot to the high altitude white ammonia clouds present in the zones (bright bands in Jupiter's atmosphere). Beneath these upper level clouds, water condensation occurs, and sporadically leads to the formation of towering convective storms, driven by the release of large amounts of latent heat. These storms result in a widespread disruption of the cloud and dynamical structure of the atmosphere at the latitude where they form, making the study of these events paramount in understanding the dynamics at depth, and the role of water in the jovian atmosphere. In this work, we use the Explicit Planetary hybrid-Isentropic Coordinate (EPIC) General Circulation Model (GCM) to study the jovian atmosphere, with a focus on moist convective storm formation from water condensation. We present the addition of a sub-grid scale moist convective module to model convective water cloud formation. We focus on the 24°N latitude, the location of a high speed jetstream, where convective upwellings have been observed every 4–5 years. We find that the potential of convection, and vertical mass and energy flux of the atmosphere is strongly correlated with the amount of water, and we determine an upper limit of the amount of water in the region surrounding the jet as twice the solar [O/H] ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114973
JournalIcarus
Volume380
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge support by the NASA's Early Career Fellowship (Grant No. 80NSSC18K0183), NASA's Solar System Workings (Grants No. NNX16AQ0), NASA's Cassini Data Analysis (Grant No. 80NSSC19K0198) and Future Investigators in NASA Earth and Space Science and Technology (Grant No. 80NSSC19K1541) programs. We also thank Dr. Timothy Dowling, the chief designer of EPIC, for his help in implementing the scheme, and Drs. Saida Caballero-Nieves, Jérémy Riousset and Steven Lazarus for their valuable inputs. We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers, whose comments have greatly improved the quality and clarity of the manuscript.

Funding Information:
We acknowledge support by the NASA’s Early Career Fellowship (Grant No. 80NSSC18K0183 ), NASA’s Solar System Workings (Grants No. NNX16AQ0 ), NASA’s Cassini Data Analysis (Grant No. 80NSSC19K0198 ) and Future Investigators in NASA Earth and Space Science and Technology (Grant No. 80NSSC19K1541 ) programs. We also thank Dr. Timothy Dowling, the chief designer of EPIC, for his help in implementing the scheme, and Drs. Saida Caballero-Nieves, Jérémy Riousset and Steven Lazarus for their valuable inputs. We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers, whose comments have greatly improved the quality and clarity of the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Atmospheres, composition
  • Atmospheres, dynamics
  • Jupiter, atmosphere
  • Meteorology

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