A new coded-excitation ultrasound imaging system-part I: Basic principles

Jian Shen, Emad S. Ebbini

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A new approach to ultrasound imaging with codedexcitation is presented. The imaging is performed by reconstruction of the scatterer strength on an assumed grid covering the region of interest (ROI). Our formulation is based on an assumed discretized signal model which represents the received sampled data vector as a superposition of impulse responses of all scatterers in the ROI. The reconstruction operator is derived from the pseudo-inverse of the linear operator (system matrix) that produces the received data vector. The singular value decomposition (SVD) method with appropriate regularization techniques is used for obtaining a robust realization of the pseudo-inverse. Under simplifying (but realistic) assumptions, the pseudo-inverse operator (PIO) can be implemented using a bank of transversal filters with each filter designed to extract echoes from a specified image line. This approach allows for the simultaneous acquisition of a large number of image lines. This could be useful in increasing frame rates for two-dimensional imaging systems or allowing for real-time implementation of three-dimensional imaging systems. When compared to the matched filtering approach to similar coded-excitation systems, our approach eliminates correlation artifacts that are known to plague such systems. Furthermore, the lateral resolution of the new system can exceed the diffraction limit imposed on conventional imaging systems utilizing delayand-sum beamformers. The range resolution is compared to that of conventional pulse-echo systems with resolution enhancement (our PIO behaves as a pseudo-inverse Wiener filter in the range direction). Both simulation and experimental verification of these statements are given in this paper. In Part II of this paper, we present an effective design approach for realization of an optimal PIO. The optimal PIO provides a robust solution to the problem of nonuniform scatterer distribution in the ROI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received July 14, 1994; revised February 21, 1995. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant ECS- 9358301. The authors are with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Com- puter Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2122 USA. Publisher Item Identifier S 0885-3010(96)00367-X.

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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