A “NEAT” Approach to Obesity Prevention in the Modern Work Environment

Samar Malaeb, Claudio Esteban Perez-Leighton, Emily E. Noble, Charles J Billington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours. We conducted a prospective cohort study using a within-subjects crossover design. The design involved two phases each lasting 2 weeks: a treadmill exercise phase in which subjects used a walking workstation for 2.5 hours a day 5 days/week and a control phase in which subjects maintained their normal work activity. Twenty-five sedentary adults working at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System. We measured body weight, body composition, food intake, 24-hour physical activity, and self-reported physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Treadmill exercise caused a leaner phenotype (lean mass gain and fat mass loss) and significantly increased their 24-hour physical activity. Walking workstation use had favorable effects on physical well-being and mental focus and did not adversely affect productivity. Light treadmill exercise during work can increase physical activity and result in a leaner body composition. This is a potentially useful intervention to increase NEAT in the modern sedentary work environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-110
Number of pages9
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Thermogenesis
Obesity
Walking
Body Composition
Phenotype
Cross-Over Studies
Energy Metabolism
Cohort Studies
Eating
Fats
Body Weight
Prospective Studies
Delivery of Health Care
Light

Keywords

  • chronic illnesses
  • disease prevention
  • health education
  • health promotion
  • occupational health and safety programs
  • work
  • workforce

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Journal Article

Cite this

A “NEAT” Approach to Obesity Prevention in the Modern Work Environment. / Malaeb, Samar; Perez-Leighton, Claudio Esteban; Noble, Emily E.; Billington, Charles J.

In: Workplace Health and Safety, Vol. 67, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 102-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malaeb, Samar ; Perez-Leighton, Claudio Esteban ; Noble, Emily E. ; Billington, Charles J. / A “NEAT” Approach to Obesity Prevention in the Modern Work Environment. In: Workplace Health and Safety. 2019 ; Vol. 67, No. 3. pp. 102-110.
@article{abfcf25e11524febadd8915ba663f09a,
title = "A “NEAT” Approach to Obesity Prevention in the Modern Work Environment",
abstract = "Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours. We conducted a prospective cohort study using a within-subjects crossover design. The design involved two phases each lasting 2 weeks: a treadmill exercise phase in which subjects used a walking workstation for 2.5 hours a day 5 days/week and a control phase in which subjects maintained their normal work activity. Twenty-five sedentary adults working at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System. We measured body weight, body composition, food intake, 24-hour physical activity, and self-reported physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Treadmill exercise caused a leaner phenotype (lean mass gain and fat mass loss) and significantly increased their 24-hour physical activity. Walking workstation use had favorable effects on physical well-being and mental focus and did not adversely affect productivity. Light treadmill exercise during work can increase physical activity and result in a leaner body composition. This is a potentially useful intervention to increase NEAT in the modern sedentary work environment.",
keywords = "chronic illnesses, disease prevention, health education, health promotion, occupational health and safety programs, work, workforce",
author = "Samar Malaeb and Perez-Leighton, {Claudio Esteban} and Noble, {Emily E.} and Billington, {Charles J}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/2165079918790980",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "67",
pages = "102--110",
journal = "Workplace Health and Safety",
issn = "2165-0799",
publisher = "Slack Incorporated",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A “NEAT” Approach to Obesity Prevention in the Modern Work Environment

AU - Malaeb, Samar

AU - Perez-Leighton, Claudio Esteban

AU - Noble, Emily E.

AU - Billington, Charles J

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours. We conducted a prospective cohort study using a within-subjects crossover design. The design involved two phases each lasting 2 weeks: a treadmill exercise phase in which subjects used a walking workstation for 2.5 hours a day 5 days/week and a control phase in which subjects maintained their normal work activity. Twenty-five sedentary adults working at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System. We measured body weight, body composition, food intake, 24-hour physical activity, and self-reported physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Treadmill exercise caused a leaner phenotype (lean mass gain and fat mass loss) and significantly increased their 24-hour physical activity. Walking workstation use had favorable effects on physical well-being and mental focus and did not adversely affect productivity. Light treadmill exercise during work can increase physical activity and result in a leaner body composition. This is a potentially useful intervention to increase NEAT in the modern sedentary work environment.

AB - Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours. We conducted a prospective cohort study using a within-subjects crossover design. The design involved two phases each lasting 2 weeks: a treadmill exercise phase in which subjects used a walking workstation for 2.5 hours a day 5 days/week and a control phase in which subjects maintained their normal work activity. Twenty-five sedentary adults working at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System. We measured body weight, body composition, food intake, 24-hour physical activity, and self-reported physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Treadmill exercise caused a leaner phenotype (lean mass gain and fat mass loss) and significantly increased their 24-hour physical activity. Walking workstation use had favorable effects on physical well-being and mental focus and did not adversely affect productivity. Light treadmill exercise during work can increase physical activity and result in a leaner body composition. This is a potentially useful intervention to increase NEAT in the modern sedentary work environment.

KW - chronic illnesses

KW - disease prevention

KW - health education

KW - health promotion

KW - occupational health and safety programs

KW - work

KW - workforce

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060172188&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060172188&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/2165079918790980

DO - 10.1177/2165079918790980

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 102

EP - 110

JO - Workplace Health and Safety

JF - Workplace Health and Safety

SN - 2165-0799

IS - 3

ER -