BACKGROUND: Spheroid body myopathy (SBM) is a rare, autosomal dominant, neuromuscular disorder, which has only been previously reported in a single large kindred. Identification of the mutated gene in this disorder may provide insight regarding abnormal neuromuscular function. METHODS: The authors completed a detailed clinical evaluation on an extensive kindred diagnosed with SBM. Genome-wide linkage analysis was performed to localize the disease gene to a specific chromosomal region. Further marker genotyping and screening of a positional, functional candidate gene were completed to detect the disease-causing mutation. Pathologic analysis of muscle biopsy was performed on three individuals. Biochemical studies were performed on one muscle biopsy specimen from an affected individual. RESULTS: Linkage to chromosome 5q23-5q31 was detected with a lod score of 2.9. Genotyping of additional markers in a larger sample of family members produced a maximum lod score of 6.1 and narrowed the critical interval to 12.2 cM. Screening of the candidate gene titin immunoglobulin domain protein (TTID, also known as MYOT) detected a cytosine-to-thymine mutation in exon 2 of all clinically affected family members. Similar pathologic changes were present in all muscle biopsy specimens. Immunohistologic and biochemical analysis revealed that the TTID protein, also known as myotilin, is a component of the insoluble protein aggregate. CONCLUSIONS: A novel mutation in the TTID gene results in the clinical and pathologic phenotype termed "spheroid body myopathy." Mutations in this gene also cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1A and are associated with myofibrillar myopathy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 2005|