A multiwavelength consensus on the main sequence of star-forming galaxies at z ~ 2

G. Rodighiero, A. Renzini, E. Daddi, I. Baronchelli, S. Berta, G. Cresci, A. Franceschini, C. Gruppioni, D. Lutz, C. Mancini, P. Santini, G. Zamorani, J. Silverman, D. Kashino, P. Andreani, A. Cimatti, H. Domínguez Sánchez, E. Le Floch, B. Magnelli, P. PopessoF. Pozzi

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99 Scopus citations


We compare various star formation rate (SFR) indicators for star-forming galaxies at 1.4 < z < 2.5 in the COSMOS field. The main focus is on the SFRs from the far-IR (PACSHerschel data) with those from the ultraviolet, for galaxies selected according to the BzK criterion. FIR-selected samples lead to a vastly different slope of the SFR-stellar mass (M*) relation, compared to that of the dominant main-sequence population as measured from the UV, since the FIR selection picks predominantly only a minority of outliers. However, there is overall agreement between the main sequences derived with the two SFR indicators, when stacking on the PACS maps the BzK-selected galaxies. The resulting logarithmic slope of the SFR-M* relation is ~0.8-0.9, in agreement with that derived from the dust-corrected UV luminosity. Exploiting deeper 24 μm Spitzer data, we have characterized a subsample of galaxies with reddening and SFRs poorly constrained, as they are very faint in the B band. The combination of Herschel with Spitzer data has allowed us to largely break the age/reddening degeneracy for these intriguing sources, by distinguishing whether a galaxy is very red in B-z because of being heavily dust reddened, or whether because star formation has been (or is being) quenched. Finally, we have compared our SFR(UV) to the SFRs derived by stacking the radio data and to those derived from the Hα luminosity of a sample of star-forming galaxies at 1.4 < z<1.7. The two sets of SFRs are broadly consistent as they are with the SFRs derived from the UV and by stacking the corresponding PACS data in various mass bins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • Infrared: galaxies


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