A multi-scale model for texture development in Zr/Nb nanolayered composites processed by accumulative roll bonding

M. Ardeljan, M. Knezevic, T. Nizolek, I. J. Beyerlein, S. J. Zheng, J. S. Carpenter, R. J. McCabe, N. A. Mara, T. M. Pollock

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17 Scopus citations


Recently it has been demonstrated that nanolayered hcp/bcc Zr/Nb composites can be fabricated with a severe plastic deformation technique called accumulative roll bonding (ARB) [1]. The final layer thickness averaged to approximately 90 nm for both phases. Interestingly, the texture measurements show that the textures in each phase correspond to those of rolled single-phase rolled Zr and Nb for a wide range of layer thickness from the micron to the nanoscales. This is in remarkable contrast to fcc/bcc Cu/Nb layered composites made by the same ARB technique, which developed textures that strongly deviated from theoretical rolling textures of Cu or Nb alone when the layers were refined to submicron and nanoscale dimensions. To model texture evolution and reveal the underlying deformation mechanisms, we developed a 3D multiscale model that combines crystal plasticity finite element with a thermally activated dislocation density based hardening law [2]. For systematic study, the model is applied to a two-phase Zr/Nb polycrystalline laminate and to the same polycrystalline Zr and polycrystalline Nb as single-phase metals. Consistent with the measurement, the model predicts that texture evolution in the phases in the composite and the relative activities of the hcp slip modes are very similar to those in the phases in monolithic form. In addition, the two-phase model also finds that no through-thickness texture gradient develops. This result suggests that neither the nanoscale grain sizes nor the bimetal Zr/Nb interfaces induce deformation mechanisms different from those at the coarse-grain scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012170
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014
Event6th International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD 2014 - Metz, France
Duration: Jun 30 2014Jul 4 2014


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