A Mixed Methods Study of Participant Reaction to Domestic Violence Research in Jordan

Cari J Clark, Manal Shahrouri, Louma Halasa, Inaam Khalaf, Rachael Spencer, Susan Everson-Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on domestic violence against women has increased considerably over the past few decades. Most participants in such studies find the exercise worthwhile and of greater benefit than emotional cost; however, systematic examination of participant reaction to research on violence is considerably lacking, especially in the Middle East region. This study begins to fill this gap by examining women's reactions to domestic violence research in Jordan and whether a personal history of violence is associated with unfavorable experiences. This sequential exploratory mixed methods study included 17 focus group discussions (FGD) with women in Amman followed by a survey conducted in reproductive health clinics throughout the country (pilot n = 30; survey n = 517). Open coding was used to identify the theme related to participant reaction in the FGD data. This construct was further examined by the subsequent survey that included dichotomous questions inquiring whether the respondent thought the study questions were important and whether they were angry or felt resentment as a result of the survey. One open-ended question on the survey provided additional qualitative data on the theme that was combined with the FGD data. Themes identified in the qualitative data pertained to expressions of gratitude and comments on the survey's value. Findings of this study indicate that Jordanian women's responses to the research process are similar to women currently represented by the extant literature in that a vast majority of its participants felt that the study was important (95%) and it did not evoke anger or resentment (96%). Many even found the study to be useful to them personally or to society. Among those who had a negative emotional reaction, most still found the research to be important. This study's findings highlight the safety and potential benefits of ethically conducted violence research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1655-1676
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

Jordan
Domestic Violence
Research
Focus Groups
Violence
Middle East
Reproductive Health
Anger
Surveys and Questionnaires
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Exercise
Safety

Keywords

  • disclosure o.v.olence
  • domestic violence and cultural contexts
  • violence exposure

Cite this

A Mixed Methods Study of Participant Reaction to Domestic Violence Research in Jordan. / Clark, Cari J; Shahrouri, Manal; Halasa, Louma; Khalaf, Inaam; Spencer, Rachael; Everson-Rose, Susan.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 27, No. 9, 01.06.2012, p. 1655-1676.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clark, Cari J ; Shahrouri, Manal ; Halasa, Louma ; Khalaf, Inaam ; Spencer, Rachael ; Everson-Rose, Susan. / A Mixed Methods Study of Participant Reaction to Domestic Violence Research in Jordan. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 9. pp. 1655-1676.
@article{bf5385d284824957abaee58c7632af87,
title = "A Mixed Methods Study of Participant Reaction to Domestic Violence Research in Jordan",
abstract = "Research on domestic violence against women has increased considerably over the past few decades. Most participants in such studies find the exercise worthwhile and of greater benefit than emotional cost; however, systematic examination of participant reaction to research on violence is considerably lacking, especially in the Middle East region. This study begins to fill this gap by examining women's reactions to domestic violence research in Jordan and whether a personal history of violence is associated with unfavorable experiences. This sequential exploratory mixed methods study included 17 focus group discussions (FGD) with women in Amman followed by a survey conducted in reproductive health clinics throughout the country (pilot n = 30; survey n = 517). Open coding was used to identify the theme related to participant reaction in the FGD data. This construct was further examined by the subsequent survey that included dichotomous questions inquiring whether the respondent thought the study questions were important and whether they were angry or felt resentment as a result of the survey. One open-ended question on the survey provided additional qualitative data on the theme that was combined with the FGD data. Themes identified in the qualitative data pertained to expressions of gratitude and comments on the survey's value. Findings of this study indicate that Jordanian women's responses to the research process are similar to women currently represented by the extant literature in that a vast majority of its participants felt that the study was important (95{\%}) and it did not evoke anger or resentment (96{\%}). Many even found the study to be useful to them personally or to society. Among those who had a negative emotional reaction, most still found the research to be important. This study's findings highlight the safety and potential benefits of ethically conducted violence research.",
keywords = "disclosure o.v.olence, domestic violence and cultural contexts, violence exposure",
author = "Clark, {Cari J} and Manal Shahrouri and Louma Halasa and Inaam Khalaf and Rachael Spencer and Susan Everson-Rose",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0886260511430383",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "1655--1676",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Mixed Methods Study of Participant Reaction to Domestic Violence Research in Jordan

AU - Clark, Cari J

AU - Shahrouri, Manal

AU - Halasa, Louma

AU - Khalaf, Inaam

AU - Spencer, Rachael

AU - Everson-Rose, Susan

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - Research on domestic violence against women has increased considerably over the past few decades. Most participants in such studies find the exercise worthwhile and of greater benefit than emotional cost; however, systematic examination of participant reaction to research on violence is considerably lacking, especially in the Middle East region. This study begins to fill this gap by examining women's reactions to domestic violence research in Jordan and whether a personal history of violence is associated with unfavorable experiences. This sequential exploratory mixed methods study included 17 focus group discussions (FGD) with women in Amman followed by a survey conducted in reproductive health clinics throughout the country (pilot n = 30; survey n = 517). Open coding was used to identify the theme related to participant reaction in the FGD data. This construct was further examined by the subsequent survey that included dichotomous questions inquiring whether the respondent thought the study questions were important and whether they were angry or felt resentment as a result of the survey. One open-ended question on the survey provided additional qualitative data on the theme that was combined with the FGD data. Themes identified in the qualitative data pertained to expressions of gratitude and comments on the survey's value. Findings of this study indicate that Jordanian women's responses to the research process are similar to women currently represented by the extant literature in that a vast majority of its participants felt that the study was important (95%) and it did not evoke anger or resentment (96%). Many even found the study to be useful to them personally or to society. Among those who had a negative emotional reaction, most still found the research to be important. This study's findings highlight the safety and potential benefits of ethically conducted violence research.

AB - Research on domestic violence against women has increased considerably over the past few decades. Most participants in such studies find the exercise worthwhile and of greater benefit than emotional cost; however, systematic examination of participant reaction to research on violence is considerably lacking, especially in the Middle East region. This study begins to fill this gap by examining women's reactions to domestic violence research in Jordan and whether a personal history of violence is associated with unfavorable experiences. This sequential exploratory mixed methods study included 17 focus group discussions (FGD) with women in Amman followed by a survey conducted in reproductive health clinics throughout the country (pilot n = 30; survey n = 517). Open coding was used to identify the theme related to participant reaction in the FGD data. This construct was further examined by the subsequent survey that included dichotomous questions inquiring whether the respondent thought the study questions were important and whether they were angry or felt resentment as a result of the survey. One open-ended question on the survey provided additional qualitative data on the theme that was combined with the FGD data. Themes identified in the qualitative data pertained to expressions of gratitude and comments on the survey's value. Findings of this study indicate that Jordanian women's responses to the research process are similar to women currently represented by the extant literature in that a vast majority of its participants felt that the study was important (95%) and it did not evoke anger or resentment (96%). Many even found the study to be useful to them personally or to society. Among those who had a negative emotional reaction, most still found the research to be important. This study's findings highlight the safety and potential benefits of ethically conducted violence research.

KW - disclosure o.v.olence

KW - domestic violence and cultural contexts

KW - violence exposure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861403661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84861403661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0886260511430383

DO - 10.1177/0886260511430383

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 1655

EP - 1676

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 9

ER -