Aconitase and isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) enzyme activities were detected in anaerobically prepared cell extracts of the obligate anaerobe Bacteroides fragilis. The aconitase gene was located upstream of the genes encoding the other two components of the oxidative branch of the Krebs cycle, IDH and citrate synthase. Mutational analysis indicates that these genes are cotranscribed. A nonpolar in-frame deletion of the acnA gene that encodes the aconitase prevented growth in glucose minimal medium unless heme or succinate was added to the medium. These results imply that B. fragilis has two pathways for α-ketoglutarate biosynthesis - one from isocitrate and the other from succinate. Homology searches indicated that the B. fragilis aconitase is most closely related to aconitases of two other Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides (CFB) group bacteria, Cytophaga hutchinsonii and Fibrobacter succinogenes. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that the CFB group aconitases are most closely related to mitochondrial aconitases. In addition, the IDH of C. hutchinsonii was found to be most closely related to the mitochondrial/cytosolic IDH-2 group of eukaryotic organisms. These data suggest a common origin for these Krebs cycle enzymes in mitochondria and CFB group bacteria.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 2 2002|