A meta-analysis of the validity of the Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) and Grade Predictors of Pharmacy Student Performance

Nathan R. Kuncel, Marcus Credé, Lisa L. Thomas, David M. Klieger, Stephanie N. Seiler, Sang E. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Compare the validity of the Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) and prepharmacy grade point average (GPA) in predicting performance in pharmacy school and professional licensing examinations. Methods. To quantitatively aggregate results across previous studies of the validity of the PCAT, the Hunter and Schmidt psychometric meta-analytic method was used. Relevant research articles were gathered from multiple databases. Correlations between the PCAT and GPAs or individual course grades were the most commonly presented data. Results. The PCAT and prepharmacy GPA were positively correlated with first, second, and third year GPA and National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Licensure Examination (NABPLEX) scores, with validities ranging from 0.25 (N=244; k=3) to 0.51 (N=1,454, k=18) for first-year GPA. Conclusion. Both PCAT scores and prepharmacy GPA were moderate to strong predictors of grades earned in pharmacy programs and scores on licensing examinations. Development of additional predictors may improve the accuracy of admissions decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number51
Pages (from-to)339-347
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Admission
  • Grade Point Average (GPA)
  • National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Licensure Examination (NABPLEX)
  • Performance
  • Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT)

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