A longitudinal study on PRRSV detection in swine herds with different demographics and PRRSV management strategies

Magnus R. Campler, Ting Yu Cheng, Declan C Schroeder, My Yang, Sunil K. Mor, Juliana B. Ferreira, Andreia G Arruda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been one of the major health-related concerns in the swine production industry. Through its rapid transmission and mutation, the simultaneous circulation of multiple PRRSV strains can be a challenge in PRRSV diagnostic, control and surveillance. The objective of this longitudinal study was to describe the temporal detection of PRRSV in swine farms with different production types and PRRS management strategies. Tonsil scraping (n = 344) samples were collected from three breeding and two growing herds for approximately one year. In addition, processing fluids (n = 216) were obtained from piglet processing batches within the three breeding farms while pen-based oral fluids (n = 125) were collected in the two growing pig farms. Viral RNA extraction and reverse-transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) were conducted for all samples. The sample positivity threshold was set at quantification cycle (Cq) of ≤ 37. Statistical analyses were performed using generalized linear modelling and post hoc pairwise comparisons with Bonferroni adjustments using R statistical software. The results suggested a higher probability of detection in processing fluids compared to tonsil scraping specimens [odds ratio (OR) = 3.86; p =.096] in breeding farms whereas oral fluids were outperformed by tonsil scrapings (OR = 0.26; p <.01) in growing pig farms. The results described herein may lead to an improvement in PRRSV diagnostic and surveillance by selecting proper specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the National Pork Board. The authors would like to thank the herd veterinarians and farm personnel for the cooperation in sample collection and submission for laboratory tests. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the assist on the PRRSV ORF5 lineage classification provided by Dr. Igor Paploski (University of Minnesota, MN, USA).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Keywords

  • oral fluids
  • porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
  • PRRSV diagnostics
  • swine
  • tonsil scraping

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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