A longitudinal study of parent-reported sensory responsiveness in toddlers at-risk for autism

The Ibis Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Atypical sensory responsivity and sensory interests are now included in the DSM 5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) under the broad domain of restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB). However, relatively little is known about the emergence of sensory-related features and their relation to conventionally defined RRB in the first years of life. Methods: Prospective, longitudinal parent-report data using the Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ) were collected for 331 high-risk toddlers (74 of whom met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 2) and 135 low-risk controls. Longitudinal profiles for SEQ scores were compared between groups across ages 12–24 months. Associations between SEQ measures and measures of RRB subtypes (based on the Repetitive Behavior Scale, Revised) were also examined. Results: Longitudinal profiles for all SEQ scores significantly differed between groups. SEQ scores were elevated for the ASD group from age 12 months, with differences becoming more pronounced across the 12–24 month interval. At both 12 and 24 months, most measures derived from the SEQ were significantly associated with all subtypes of RRB. Conclusions: These findings suggest that differences in sensory responsivity may be evident in high-risk infants later diagnosed with ASD in early toddlerhood, and that the magnitude of these differences increases over the second year of life. The high degree of association between SEQ scores and RRB supports the conceptual alignment of these features but also raises questions as to explanatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-324
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

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Autistic Disorder
Longitudinal Studies
Age Groups
Surveys and Questionnaires
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • Sensory
  • development
  • longitudinal
  • repetitive behavior

Cite this

A longitudinal study of parent-reported sensory responsiveness in toddlers at-risk for autism. / The Ibis Network.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 60, No. 3, 03.2019, p. 314-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "A longitudinal study of parent-reported sensory responsiveness in toddlers at-risk for autism",
abstract = "Background: Atypical sensory responsivity and sensory interests are now included in the DSM 5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) under the broad domain of restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB). However, relatively little is known about the emergence of sensory-related features and their relation to conventionally defined RRB in the first years of life. Methods: Prospective, longitudinal parent-report data using the Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ) were collected for 331 high-risk toddlers (74 of whom met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 2) and 135 low-risk controls. Longitudinal profiles for SEQ scores were compared between groups across ages 12–24 months. Associations between SEQ measures and measures of RRB subtypes (based on the Repetitive Behavior Scale, Revised) were also examined. Results: Longitudinal profiles for all SEQ scores significantly differed between groups. SEQ scores were elevated for the ASD group from age 12 months, with differences becoming more pronounced across the 12–24 month interval. At both 12 and 24 months, most measures derived from the SEQ were significantly associated with all subtypes of RRB. Conclusions: These findings suggest that differences in sensory responsivity may be evident in high-risk infants later diagnosed with ASD in early toddlerhood, and that the magnitude of these differences increases over the second year of life. The high degree of association between SEQ scores and RRB supports the conceptual alignment of these features but also raises questions as to explanatory mechanisms.",
keywords = "Sensory, development, longitudinal, repetitive behavior",
author = "{The Ibis Network} and Wolff, {Jason J.} and Dimian, {Adele F.} and Botteron, {Kelly N.} and Dager, {Stephen R.} and Elison, {Jed T.} and Estes, {Annette M.} and Hazlett, {Heather C.} and Schultz, {Robert T.} and Lonnie Zwaigenbaum and Joseph Piven and C. Chappell and D. Shaw and R. McKinstry and J. Constantino and J. Pruett and J. Pandey and S. Paterson and J. Elison and Evans, {A. C.} and Collins, {D. L.} and Pike, {G. B.} and V. Fonov and P. Kostopoulos and S. Das and L. MacIntyre and G. Gerig and M. Styner and H. Gu",
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T1 - A longitudinal study of parent-reported sensory responsiveness in toddlers at-risk for autism

AU - The Ibis Network

AU - Wolff, Jason J.

AU - Dimian, Adele F.

AU - Botteron, Kelly N.

AU - Dager, Stephen R.

AU - Elison, Jed T.

AU - Estes, Annette M.

AU - Hazlett, Heather C.

AU - Schultz, Robert T.

AU - Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie

AU - Piven, Joseph

AU - Chappell, C.

AU - Shaw, D.

AU - McKinstry, R.

AU - Constantino, J.

AU - Pruett, J.

AU - Pandey, J.

AU - Paterson, S.

AU - Elison, J.

AU - Evans, A. C.

AU - Collins, D. L.

AU - Pike, G. B.

AU - Fonov, V.

AU - Kostopoulos, P.

AU - Das, S.

AU - MacIntyre, L.

AU - Gerig, G.

AU - Styner, M.

AU - Gu, H.

PY - 2019/3

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N2 - Background: Atypical sensory responsivity and sensory interests are now included in the DSM 5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) under the broad domain of restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB). However, relatively little is known about the emergence of sensory-related features and their relation to conventionally defined RRB in the first years of life. Methods: Prospective, longitudinal parent-report data using the Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ) were collected for 331 high-risk toddlers (74 of whom met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 2) and 135 low-risk controls. Longitudinal profiles for SEQ scores were compared between groups across ages 12–24 months. Associations between SEQ measures and measures of RRB subtypes (based on the Repetitive Behavior Scale, Revised) were also examined. Results: Longitudinal profiles for all SEQ scores significantly differed between groups. SEQ scores were elevated for the ASD group from age 12 months, with differences becoming more pronounced across the 12–24 month interval. At both 12 and 24 months, most measures derived from the SEQ were significantly associated with all subtypes of RRB. Conclusions: These findings suggest that differences in sensory responsivity may be evident in high-risk infants later diagnosed with ASD in early toddlerhood, and that the magnitude of these differences increases over the second year of life. The high degree of association between SEQ scores and RRB supports the conceptual alignment of these features but also raises questions as to explanatory mechanisms.

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