A longitudinal study of a multicomponent exercise intervention with remote guidance among breast cancer patients

Xiaosheng Dong, Xiangren Yi, Meng Ding, Zan Gao, Daniel J. McDonough, Nuo Yi, Wenzhen Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Breast cancer patients in treatment suffer from long-term side effects that seriously influence their physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine effectiveness of a 12-week multicomponent exercise (ME) with remote guidance intervention on health-related outcomes after one year among breast cancer patients. Methods: In phases I-III, 60 patients (51.2 ± 7.9 years) with breast cancer (BC) who completed chemotherapy/postoperative radiotherapy within the previous four months to two years were randomly assigned to 1) multicomponent exercise with remote guidance (ME) and 2) usual care (UC). Eligible participants were approached to assess cancer-related quality of life (QOL), muscle strength, cardiorespiratory endurance, and physical activity (PA) barriers after one year. Results: The results demonstrated that, after one year, the ME group reported higher vitality-related QOL (5.776, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.987, 10.565, effect size [ES] = 0.360), mental health-related QOL (9.938, 95% CI 4.146, 15.729, ES = 0.512), leg strength and endurance (2.880, CI 1.337, 4.423, ES = 0.557), and strength and endurance of upper extremities (2.745, 95% CI 1.076, 4.415, ES = 0.491) and lower physical activity (PA) hindrance (5.120, 95% CI 1.976, 8.264, ES = 0.486) than the UC group. Conclusion: The ME group observed significant differences from the UC group in QOL, muscle strength, cardiopulmonary endurance, and PA participation. These findings suggested that the multicomponent exercise intervention with remote guidance produced long-term health benefits for breast cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3425
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2020

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cardiorespiratory endurance
  • Muscle strength
  • Physical activity
  • Quality of life

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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