## Abstract

Consider the classical problem of solving a general linear system of equations Ax= b. It is well known that the (successively over relaxed) Gauss–Seidel scheme and many of its variants may not converge when A is neither diagonally dominant nor symmetric positive definite. Can we have a linearly convergent G–S type algorithm that works for anyA? In this paper we answer this question affirmatively by proposing a doubly stochastic G–S algorithm that is provably linearly convergent (in the mean square error sense) for any feasible linear system of equations. The key in the algorithm design is to introduce a nonuniform double stochastic scheme for picking the equation and the variable in each update step as well as a stepsize rule. These techniques also generalize to certain iterative alternating projection algorithms for solving the linear feasibility problem Ax≤ b with an arbitrary A, as well as high-dimensional minimization problems for training over-parameterized models in machine learning. Our results demonstrate that a carefully designed randomization scheme can make an otherwise divergent G–S algorithm converge.

Original language | English (US) |
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Journal | Mathematical Programming |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2019 |

## Keywords

- Gauss–Seidel algorithm
- Linear systems of equations
- Nonuniform block coordinate descent algorithm
- Over-parameterized optimization