A high-resolution, 60 kyr record of the relative geomagnetic field intensity from Lake Towuti, Indonesia

Kartika Hajar Kirana, Satria Bijaksana, John King, Gerald Hendrik Tamuntuan, James Russell, La Ode Ngkoimani, Darharta Dahrin, Silvia Jannatul Fajar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Past changes in the Earth's magnetic field can be highlighted through reconstructions of magnetic paleointensity. Many magnetic field variation features are global, and can be used for the detailed correlation and dating of sedimentary records. On the other hand, sedimentary magnetic records also exhibit features on a regional, rather than a global scale. Therefore, the development of regional scale magnetic field reconstructions is necessary to optimize magnetic paleointensity dating. In this paper, a 60 thousand year (kyr) paleointensity record is presented, using the core TOW10-9B of Lake Towuti, located in the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, as a part of the ongoing research towards understanding the Indonesian environmental history, and reconstructing a high-resolution regional magnetic record from dating the sediments. Located in the East Sulawesi Ophiolite Belt, the bedrock surrounding Lake Towuti consists of ultramafic rocks that render the lake sediments magnetically strong, creating challenges in the reconstruction of the paleointensity record. These sediment samples were subject to a series of magnetic measurements, followed by testing the obtained paleointensity records resulting from normalizing natural remanent magnetization (NRM) against different normalizing parameters. These paleointensity records were then compared to other regional, as well as global, records of magnetic paleointensity. The results show that for the magnetically strong Lake Towuti sediments, an anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM) is the best normalizer. A series of magnetic paleointensity excursions are observed during the last 60 kyr, including the Laschamp excursion at 40 kyr BP, that provide new information about the magnetic history and stratigraphy of the western tropical Pacific region. We conclude that the paleointensity record of Lake Towuti is reliable and in accordance with the high-quality regional and global trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume275
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Satrio Adi Wicaksono for field assistance and discussion. This data is partially based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation United States of America under Grant Number NSF-EAR-0902845 to JMR. Additional financial support was received from the Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia in the form of Penelitian Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi ( PUPT ) to SB and a sandwich research grant (PKPI 2015) to KHK.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Lake Towuti
  • Laschamp excursion
  • Ophiolite belt
  • Relative paleointensity record

Continental Scientific Drilling Facility tags

  • TDP

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