A high performance delta-sigma modulator for neurosensing

Jian Xu, Menglian Zhao, Xiaobo Wu, Md Kafiul Islam, Zhi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Recorded neural data are frequently corrupted by large amplitude artifacts that are triggered by a variety of sources, such as subject movements, organ motions, electromagnetic interferences and discharges at the electrode surface. To prevent the system from saturating and the electronics from malfunctioning due to these large artifacts, a wide dynamic range for data acquisition is demanded, which is quite challenging to achieve and would require excessive circuit area and power for implementation. In this paper, we present a high performance Delta-Sigma modulator along with several design techniques and enabling blocks to reduce circuit area and power. The modulator was fabricated in a 0.18-µm CMOS process. Powered by a 1.0-V supply, the chip can achieve an 85-dB peak signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratio (SNDR) and an 87-dB dynamic range when integrated over a 10-kHz bandwidth. The total power consumption of the modulator is 13 µW, which corresponds to a figure-of-merit (FOM) of 45 fJ/conversion step. These competitive circuit specifications make this design a good candidate for building high precision neurosensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19466-19486
Number of pages21
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 7 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Delta-Sigma modulator
  • Dynamic range
  • Multi-bit quantizer
  • Sensor interface
  • Switched op-amp


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