When the endogenous variables enter non-parametrically into the regression equation standard linear instrumental variables approaches fail. Two existing solutions are the non-parametric instrumental variables (NPIVs) estimators, which are based on a set of conditional moment restrictions (CMRs), and the control function (CF) estimators, which use conditional mean independence (CMI) restrictions. Our first contribution is to show that - similar to CMI - the CMR place shape restrictions on the conditional expectation of the error given the instruments and endogenous variables that are sufficient for identification, and we call our new estimator based on these restrictions the CMR-CF estimator. Our second contribution is to develop an estimator for non-linear and non-parametric settings that can combine both CMR and CMI restrictions, which cannot be done in either the NPIV nor the non-parametric CF setting. This new "Generalized CMR-CF"uses both CMR and CMI restrictions together by allowing the conditional expectation of the structural error to depend on both instruments and control variables. When sieves are used to approximate both the structural function and the CF our estimator reduces to a series of least squares regressions. Our Monte Carlos illustrate that our new estimator performs well across several economic settings.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||35|
|Journal||Journal of Econometric Methods|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2022|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 Kyoo il Kim and Amil Petrin published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.
- conditional moment restriction
- control function
- instrumental variables
- non-parametric estimation
- sieve estimation