A framework for human microbiome research

Barbara A. Methé, Karen E. Nelson, Mihai Pop, Heather H. Creasy, Michelle G. Giglio, Curtis Huttenhower, Dirk Gevers, Joseph F. Petrosino, Sahar Abubucker, Jonathan H. Badger, Asif T. Chinwalla, Ashlee M. Earl, Michael G. Fitzgerald, Robert S. Fulton, Kymberlie Hallsworth-Pepin, Elizabeth A. Lobos, Ramana Madupu, Vincent Magrini, John C. Martin, Makedonka MitrevaDonna M. Muzny, Erica J. Sodergren, James Versalovic, Aye M. Wollam, Kim C. Worley, Jennifer R. Wortman, Sarah K. Young, Qiandong Zeng, Kjersti M. Aagaard, Olukemi O. Abolude, Emma Allen-Vercoe, Eric J. Alm, Lucia Alvarado, Gary L. Andersen, Scott Anderson, Elizabeth Appelbaum, Harindra M. Arachchi, Gary Armitage, Cesar A. Arze, Tulin Ayvaz, Carl C. Baker, Lisa Begg, Tsegahiwot Belachew, Veena Bhonagiri, Monika Bihan, Martin J. Blaser, Toby Bloom, Vivien R. Bonazzi, Paul Brooks, Gregory A. Buck, Christian J. Buhay, Dana A. Busam, Joseph L. Campbell, Shane R. Canon, Brandi L. Cantarel, Patrick S. Chain, I. Min A. Chen, Lei Chen, Shaila Chhibba, Ken Chu, Dawn M. Ciulla, Jose C. Clemente, Sandra W. Clifton, Sean Conlan, Jonathan Crabtree, Mary A. Cutting, Noam J. Davidovics, Catherine C. Davis, Todd Z. Desantis, Carolyn Deal, Kimberley D. Delehaunty, Floyd E. Dewhirst, Elena Deych, Yan Ding, David J. Dooling, Shannon P. Dugan, W. Michael Dunne, A. Scott Durkin, Robert C. Edgar, Rachel L. Erlich, Candace N. Farmer, Ruth M. Farrell, Karoline Faust, Michael Feldgarden, Victor M. Felix, Sheila Fisher, Anthony A. Fodor, Larry Forney, Leslie Foster, Valentina Di Francesco, Jonathan Friedman, Dennis C. Friedrich, Catrina C. Fronick, Lucinda L. Fulton, Hongyu Gao, Nathalia Garcia, Georgia Giannoukos, Christina Giblin, Maria Y. Giovanni, Jonathan M. Goldberg, Johannes Goll, Antonio Gonzalez, Allison Griggs, Sharvari Gujja, Brian J. Haas, Holli A. Hamilton, Emily L. Harris, Theresa A. Hepburn, Brandi Herter, Diane E. Hoffmann, Michael E. Holder, Clinton Howarth, Katherine H. Huang, Susan M. Huse, Jacques Izard, Janet K. Jansson, Huaiyang Jiang, Catherine Jordan, Vandita Joshi, James A. Katancik, Wendy A. Keitel, Scott T. Kelley, Cristyn Kells, Susan Kinder-Haake, Nicholas B. King, Rob Knight, Dan Knights, Heidi H. Kong, Omry Koren, Sergey Koren, Karthik C. Kota, Christie L. Kovar, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Patricio S. La Rosa, Sandra L. Lee, Katherine P. Lemon, Niall Lennon, Cecil M. Lewis, Lora Lewis, Ruth E. Ley, Kelvin Li, Konstantinos Liolios, Bo Liu, Yue Liu, Chien Chi Lo, Catherine A. Lozupone, R. Dwayne Lunsford, Tessa Madden, Anup A. Mahurkar, Peter J. Mannon, Elaine R. Mardis, Victor M. Markowitz, Konstantinos Mavrommatis, Jamison M. McCorrison, Daniel McDonald, Jean McEwen, Amy L. McGuire, Pamela McInnes, Teena Mehta, Kathie A. Mihindukulasuriya, Jason R. Miller, Patrick J. Minx, Irene Newsham, Chad Nusbaum, Michelle O'Laughlin, Joshua Orvis, Ioanna Pagani, Krishna Palaniappan, Shital M. Patel, Matthew Pearson, Jane Peterson, Mircea Podar, Craig Pohl, Katherine S. Pollard, Margaret E. Priest, Lita M. Proctor, Xiang Qin, Jeroen Raes, Jacques Ravel, Jeffrey G. Reid, Mina Rho, Rosamond Rhodes, Kevin P. Riehle, Maria C. Rivera, Beltran Rodriguez-Mueller, Yu Hui Rogers, Matthew C. Ross, Carsten Russ, Ravi K. Sanka, Pamela Sankar, J. Fah Sathirapongsasuti, Jeffery A. Schloss, Patrick D. Schloss, Thomas M. Schmidt, Matthew Scholz, Lynn Schriml, Alyxandria M. Schubert, Nicola Segata, Julia A. Segre, William D. Shannon, Richard R. Sharp, Thomas J. Sharpton, Narmada Shenoy, Nihar U. Sheth, Gina A. Simone, Indresh Singh, Chris S. Smillie, Jack D. Sobel, Daniel D. Sommer, Paul Spicer, Granger G. Sutton, Sean M. Sykes, Diana G. Tabbaa, Mathangi Thiagarajan, Chad M. Tomlinson, Manolito Torralba, Todd J. Treangen, Rebecca M. Truty, Tatiana A. Vishnivetskaya, Jason Walker, Lu Wang, Zhengyuan Wang, Doyle V. Ward, Wesley Warren, Mark A. Watson, Christopher Wellington, Kris A. Wetterstrand, James R. White, Katarzyna Wilczek-Boney, Yuan Qing Wu, Kristine M. Wylie, Todd Wylie, Chandri Yandava, Liang Ye, Yuzhen Ye, Shibu Yooseph, Bonnie P. Youmans, Lan Zhang, Yanjiao Zhou, Yiming Zhu, Laurie Zoloth, Jeremy D. Zucker, Bruce W. Birren, Richard A. Gibbs, Sarah K. Highlander, George M. Weinstock, Richard K. Wilson, Owen White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1427 Scopus citations

Abstract

A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project Consortium has established a population-scale framework to develop metagenomic protocols, resulting in a broad range of quality-controlled resources and data including standardized methods for creating, processing and interpreting distinct types of high-throughput metagenomic data available to the scientific community. Here we present resources from a population of 242 healthy adults sampled at 15 or 18 body sites up to three times, which have generated 5,177 microbial taxonomic profiles from 16S ribosomal RNA genes and over 3.5 terabases of metagenomic sequence so far. In parallel, approximately 800 reference strains isolated from the human body have been sequenced. Collectively, these data represent the largest resource describing the abundance and variety of the human microbiome, while providing a framework for current and future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume486
Issue number7402
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The consortium would like to thank our external scientific advisory board: R. Blumberg, J. Davies, R. Holt, P. Ossorio, F. Ouellette, G. Schoolnik and A. Williamson. We would also like to thank our collaborators throughout the International Human Microbiome Consortium, particularly the investigators of the MetaHIT project, for advancing human microbiome research. Data repository management was provided by the NCBI and the Intramural Research Program of the NIH National Library of Medicine. We especially appreciate the generous participation of the individuals from the St Louis, Missouri, and Houston, Texas areas who made this study possible. This research was supported in part by NIH grants U54HG004969 to B.W.B.; U54HG003273 to R.A.G.; U54HG004973 to R.A.G., S.K.H. and J.F.P.; U54HG003067 to E. S. Lander.; U54AI084844 to K.E.N.; N01AI30071 to R. L. Strausberg; U54HG004968 to G.M.W.; U01HG004866 to O.W.; U54HG003079 to R.K.W.; R01HG005969 to C.H.; R01HG004872 to R.K.; R01HG004885 to M.P.; R01HG005975 to P.D.S.; R01HG004908 to Y.Y.; R01HG004900 to M. K. Cho and P. Sankar; R01HG005171 to D.E.H.; R01HG004853 to A.L.M.; R01HG004856 to R.R.; R01HG004877 to R.R.S. and R.M.F.; R01HG005172 to P. Spicer; R01HG004857 to M.P.; R01HG004906 to T.M.S.; R21HG005811 to E.A.-V.; G.A.B. was supported by UH2AI083263 and UH3AI083263 (G.A.B., C. N. Cornelissen, L. K. Eaves and J. F. Strauss); M.J.B. was supported by UH2AR057506, S.M.H. was supported by UH3DK083993 (V. B. Young, E. B. Chang, F. Meyer, T.M.S., M. L. Sogin, J. M. Tiedje); K.P.R. was supported by UH2DK083990 (J.V.); J.A.S. and H.H.K. were supported by UH2AR057504 and UH3AR057504 (J.A.S.); DP2OD001500 to K.M.A.; N01HG62088 to the Coriell Institute for Medical Research; U01DE016937 to F.E.D.; S.K.-H. was supported by RC1DE020298and R01DE021574 (S.K.-H. and H. Li); J.I. was supported by R21CA139193 (J.I. and D. S. Michaud); K.P.L. was supported by P30DE020751 (D. J. Smith); Army Research Office grant W911NF-11-1-0473 to C.H.; National Science Foundation grants NSF DBI-1053486 to C.H. and NSF IIS-0812111 to M.P.; The Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under contract no. DE-AC02-05CH11231 for P.S.C.; LANL Laboratory-Directed Research and Development grant 20100034DR and the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency grants B104153I and B084531I to P.S.C.; Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO) grant to K.F. andJ. Raes; R.K. is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Early Career Scientist; Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation funding and institutional funding from the J. David Gladstone Institutes to K.S.P.; A.M.S. was supported by fellowships provided by the Rackham Graduate School and the NIH Molecular Mechanisms in Microbial Pathogenesis Training Grant T32AI007528; a Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of Canada Grant in Aid of Research to E.A.-V.; 2010 IBM Faculty Award to K.C.W. Analysis of the HMP data was performed using National Energy Research Scientific Computing resources; the BluBioU Computational Resource at Rice University.

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