A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes to ecosystems.

Thomas G. Whitham, Joseph K. Bailey, Jennifer A. Schweitzer, Stephen M. Shuster, Randy K. Bangert, Carri J. LeRoy, Eric V. Lonsdorf, Gery J. Allan, Stephen P. DiFazio, Brad M. Potts, Dylan G. Fischer, Catherine A. Gehring, Richard L. Lindroth, Jane C. Marks, Stephen C. Hart, Gina M. Wimp, Stuart C. Wooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

867 Scopus citations


This study focuses on the genetic basis of ecosystem processes and the effect of such phenomena as climate change and introduced transgenic organisms on entire communities. The authors argue that community and ecosystem phenotypes exist, that their heritability can be quantified and that the interactions of species can lead to community evolution. They emphasize that this trait-based approach does not imply or require that communities themselves have fitness, or that communities evolve like populations.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-523
Number of pages14
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006


  • BIOTIC communities
  • CLIMATE change
  • TRANSGENIC organisms
  • HERITABILITY (Genetics)
  • EVOLUTION (Biology)


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