{A figure is presented}Calcium and Dairy Intakes of Adolescents Are Associated with Their Home Environment, Taste Preferences, Personal Health Beliefs, and Meal Patterns{A figure is presented}

Nicole I. Larson, Mary Story, Melanie Wall, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify correlates of calcium, dairy, and milk intakes among male and female adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Adolescents self-reported measures pertaining to correlates on the Project EAT (Eating Among Teens) survey and completed a food frequency questionnaire at school. Subjects/setting: Subjects were a total of 4,079 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, public schools. Statistical analyses performed: Multiple linear regression models based on social cognitive theory were examined by sex. Results: Male adolescents reported higher daily intakes of calcium (male: 1,217±663 mg; female: 1,035±588 mg; P<0.001), dairy servings (male: 2.9±1.9; female: 2.4±1.7; P<0.001), and milk servings (male: 2.0±1.5; female: 1.5±1.4; P<0.001) than female adolescents. Calcium intakes of male adolescents were significantly and positively related to availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, and social support for healthful eating; intakes were significantly and inversely related to consumption of soft drinks and fast food. Among female adolescents, availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, personal health/nutrition attitudes, and self-efficacy to make healthful food choices were significantly and positively related to intakes; intakes were significantly and inversely related to fast-food consumption. Models of calcium intake explained 71% of the variance in male adolescents and 72% of the variance in female adolescents. Conclusions: Multicomponent interventions with a focus on the family environment are likely to be most effective in increasing calcium intakes among adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1816-1824
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume106
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

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health beliefs
dairy consumption
meals (menu)
food choices
Meals
Calcium
calcium
Health
Milk
milk
fast foods
Eating
breakfast
ingestion
Fast Foods
socioeconomic status
Breakfast
Social Class
middle school students
Linear Models

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title = "{A figure is presented}Calcium and Dairy Intakes of Adolescents Are Associated with Their Home Environment, Taste Preferences, Personal Health Beliefs, and Meal Patterns{A figure is presented}",
abstract = "Objective: To identify correlates of calcium, dairy, and milk intakes among male and female adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Adolescents self-reported measures pertaining to correlates on the Project EAT (Eating Among Teens) survey and completed a food frequency questionnaire at school. Subjects/setting: Subjects were a total of 4,079 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, public schools. Statistical analyses performed: Multiple linear regression models based on social cognitive theory were examined by sex. Results: Male adolescents reported higher daily intakes of calcium (male: 1,217±663 mg; female: 1,035±588 mg; P<0.001), dairy servings (male: 2.9±1.9; female: 2.4±1.7; P<0.001), and milk servings (male: 2.0±1.5; female: 1.5±1.4; P<0.001) than female adolescents. Calcium intakes of male adolescents were significantly and positively related to availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, and social support for healthful eating; intakes were significantly and inversely related to consumption of soft drinks and fast food. Among female adolescents, availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, personal health/nutrition attitudes, and self-efficacy to make healthful food choices were significantly and positively related to intakes; intakes were significantly and inversely related to fast-food consumption. Models of calcium intake explained 71{\%} of the variance in male adolescents and 72{\%} of the variance in female adolescents. Conclusions: Multicomponent interventions with a focus on the family environment are likely to be most effective in increasing calcium intakes among adolescents.",
author = "Larson, {Nicole I.} and Mary Story and Melanie Wall and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jada.2006.08.018",
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T1 - {A figure is presented}Calcium and Dairy Intakes of Adolescents Are Associated with Their Home Environment, Taste Preferences, Personal Health Beliefs, and Meal Patterns{A figure is presented}

AU - Larson, Nicole I.

AU - Story, Mary

AU - Wall, Melanie

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

PY - 2006/11/1

Y1 - 2006/11/1

N2 - Objective: To identify correlates of calcium, dairy, and milk intakes among male and female adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Adolescents self-reported measures pertaining to correlates on the Project EAT (Eating Among Teens) survey and completed a food frequency questionnaire at school. Subjects/setting: Subjects were a total of 4,079 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, public schools. Statistical analyses performed: Multiple linear regression models based on social cognitive theory were examined by sex. Results: Male adolescents reported higher daily intakes of calcium (male: 1,217±663 mg; female: 1,035±588 mg; P<0.001), dairy servings (male: 2.9±1.9; female: 2.4±1.7; P<0.001), and milk servings (male: 2.0±1.5; female: 1.5±1.4; P<0.001) than female adolescents. Calcium intakes of male adolescents were significantly and positively related to availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, and social support for healthful eating; intakes were significantly and inversely related to consumption of soft drinks and fast food. Among female adolescents, availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, personal health/nutrition attitudes, and self-efficacy to make healthful food choices were significantly and positively related to intakes; intakes were significantly and inversely related to fast-food consumption. Models of calcium intake explained 71% of the variance in male adolescents and 72% of the variance in female adolescents. Conclusions: Multicomponent interventions with a focus on the family environment are likely to be most effective in increasing calcium intakes among adolescents.

AB - Objective: To identify correlates of calcium, dairy, and milk intakes among male and female adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Adolescents self-reported measures pertaining to correlates on the Project EAT (Eating Among Teens) survey and completed a food frequency questionnaire at school. Subjects/setting: Subjects were a total of 4,079 middle and high school students from Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, public schools. Statistical analyses performed: Multiple linear regression models based on social cognitive theory were examined by sex. Results: Male adolescents reported higher daily intakes of calcium (male: 1,217±663 mg; female: 1,035±588 mg; P<0.001), dairy servings (male: 2.9±1.9; female: 2.4±1.7; P<0.001), and milk servings (male: 2.0±1.5; female: 1.5±1.4; P<0.001) than female adolescents. Calcium intakes of male adolescents were significantly and positively related to availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, and social support for healthful eating; intakes were significantly and inversely related to consumption of soft drinks and fast food. Among female adolescents, availability of milk at meals, taste preference for milk, eating breakfast, higher socioeconomic status, personal health/nutrition attitudes, and self-efficacy to make healthful food choices were significantly and positively related to intakes; intakes were significantly and inversely related to fast-food consumption. Models of calcium intake explained 71% of the variance in male adolescents and 72% of the variance in female adolescents. Conclusions: Multicomponent interventions with a focus on the family environment are likely to be most effective in increasing calcium intakes among adolescents.

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