A dynamic thermal model for predicting internal temperature of tree cavities and nest boxes

Taylor B. Velander, Michael J Joyce, Angela M. Kujawa, Robert L. Sanders, Paul W. Keenlance, Ron A. Moen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110302
JournalEcological Modelling
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Michael McMahon for helping collect field data and Dr. Guy Sander for his in-depth feedback on this project. This work was supported by the Minnesota Environmental and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota's Resources, the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and by a summer research assistantship from the Integrated Biosciences graduate program, University of Minnesota-Duluth.


  • American marten
  • Fisher
  • Heat transfer
  • Microclimate
  • Thermal ecology
  • Thermoregulation

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