A desktop apparatus for studying interactions between microorganisms and small-scale fluid motion

T. A. Warnaars, M. Hondzo, M. A. Carper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low levels of kinetic energy dissipation were successfully generated in a reactor using two submersible speakers. A software programme controlled the amplitude and frequency of the signal fed to each speaker and achieved good repeatability of flow conditions. The flow reactor had a near isotropic flow regime with a low mean flow, values were calculated from particle image velocimetry measurements. The flow characteristics compared well with grid turbulence reactors, though as no moving parts are present in this reactor design the strain rates were lower compared to oscillating grid set-ups. The low range of Reynolds numbers based on Taylor microscales (Reλ∼0.5-5.9) covered both turbulent and non-turbulent flow regimes. The small-scale fluid motion produced over the entire volume of this reactor makes it suitable for experiments examining the physiological responses of fluid motion on microorganisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-443
Number of pages13
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume563
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • Energy dissipation
  • Isotropy
  • Microorganisms
  • Particle image velocimetry
  • Small-scale turbulence
  • Submersible speakers

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