A density functional study of O-O bond cleavage for a biomimetic non-heme iron complex demonstrating an FeV-intermediate

Arianna Bassan, Margareta R.A. Blomberg, Per E.M. Siegbahn, Lawrence Que

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Abstract

Density functional theory using the B3LYP hybrid functional has been employed to investigate the reactivity of Fe(TPA) complexes (TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine), which are known to catalyze stereospecific hydrocarbon oxidation when H2O2 is used as oxidant. The reaction pathway leading to O-O bond heterolysis in the active catalytic species FeIII(TPA)-OOH has been explored, and it is shown that a high-valent iron-oxo intermediate is formed, where an FeV oxidation state is attained, in agreement with previous suggestions based on experiments. In contrast to the analogous intermediate [(Por·)FeIV=O]+1 in P450, the TPA ligand is not oxidized, and the electrons are extracted almost exclusively from the mononuclear iron center. The corresponding homolytic O-O bond cleavage, yielding the two oxidants FeIV=O and the OH· radical, has also been considered, and it is shown that this pathway is inaccessible in the hydrocarbon oxidation reaction with Fe(TPA) and hydrogen peroxide. Investigations have also been performed for the O-O cleavage in the FeIII(TPA)-alkylperoxide species. In this case, the barrier for O-O homolysis is found to be slightly lower, leading to loss of stereospecificity and supporting the experimental conclusion that this is the preferred pathway for alkylperoxide oxidants. The difference between hydroperoxide and alkylperoxide as oxidant derives from the higher O-O bond strength for hydrogen peroxide (by 8.0 kcal/mol).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11056-11063
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume124
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2002

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