Over the past 20 years, care for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has rapidly evolved, not just in terms of how patients are treated, but where patients are treated. The advent of regional STEMI systems of care has decreased the number of "eligible but untreated" patients while improving access to primary percutaneous coronary intervention for patients. These regional STEMI systems of care have consistently demonstrated that rapid transport of STEMI patients is safe and effective, and have shown marked improvements in a variety of clinical outcomes. However, no two STEMI systems are alike, and each must be tailored to the unique geographic, political, and socioeconomic challenges of the region. This article takes an in-depth look at two of the earliest STEMI systems within the United States: the Minneapolis Heart Institute and the Los Angeles County STEMI receiving network.
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