A cytogenetic model predicts relapse risk and survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in morphologic complete remission

Armin Rashidi, Amanda F. Cashen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Up to 30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and abnormal cytogenetics have persistent cytogenetic abnormalities (pCytAbnl) at morphologic complete remission (mCR). We hypothesized that the prognostic significance of pCytAbnl in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in mCR varies with cytogenetic risk group. We analyzed the data on 118 patients with AML and abnormal cytogenetics who underwent HSCT in mCR, and developed a risk stratification model based on pCytAbnl and cytogenetic risk group. The model distinguished three groups of patients (P<. 0.01) with distinct outcomes: the group with pCytAbnl and unfavorable risk cytogenetics (n= 25) had the shortest median time to relapse (TTR; 5 months), relapse-free survival (RFS; 3 months), and overall survival (OS; 7 months). The group with favorable/intermediate risk cytogenetics and without pCytAbnl (n= 43) had the longest median TTR (not reached), RFS (57 months), and OS (57 months). The group with pCytAbnl and favorable/intermediate risk cytogenetics, or, without pCytAbnl but with unfavorable risk cytogenetics (n= 50) experienced intermediate TTR (18 months), RFS (9 months), and OS (18 months). In conclusion, a cytogenetic risk model identifies patients with AML in mCR with distinct rates of relapse and survival following HSCT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-81
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia research
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Cytogenetic
  • Relapse
  • Remission
  • Stem cell transplantation
  • Survival

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