A Culturally Adapted Colorectal Cancer Education Video for the Somali Community in Minnesota: A Pilot Investigation

Motohiro Nakajima, Abdifatah Haji, Sakhaudiin Mohamud, Osmon Ahmed, James S. Hodges, Rebekah Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: This study aims to develop and test feasibility of a colorectal cancer (CRC) education video appropriate for Somali immigrants.

DESIGN: One-group pretest-posttest design.

SETTING: Minneapolis, MN.

SAMPLE: Thirty-one Somali men (mean age = 60.6; SD = 13.0).

INTERVENTION: A CRC education video was developed in the Somali language with Somali community partners. Participants were invited to a workshop and watched the video.

MEASURES: Levels of understanding about CRC and screening were assessed before vs after the video.

ANALYSIS: Binomial tests were conducted to examine changes in level of understanding.

RESULTS: Analysis on pre-post, within-person changes in understanding about cancer, and CRC screening showed that proportions with a positive change in understanding risks of cancer (80%) and benefits of CRC screening (90%) were significantly higher than expected if the video had no effect (50%; P = .012, P < .001, respectively). Ninety-three percent of participants agreed that the video contained useful information.

CONCLUSION: These results provide evidence of usefulness of culturally tailored videos to facilitate CRC screening in the Somali community. Results of this study were limited by a small sample size and lack of a control group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-517
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • cancer education
  • cancer screening
  • colorectal cancer
  • cultural adaptation
  • health-promoting community design
  • immigrants
  • racial minority groups
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Somalia
  • Male
  • Minnesota
  • Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Pilot Projects
  • Language

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural


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